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ವಿಕೇಂದ್ರೀಕರಣವೇ ಸಬಲೀಕರಣ

ಎರಡು ದಶಕಗಳ ಹಿಂದೆ, ಡೊಮಿನಿಕನ್ ರಿಪಬ್ಲಿಕ್ ದೇಶದ ಒಂದು ಹಳ್ಳಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಸಿಕ್ಕ 55 ವರ್ಷದ ಸ್ಪಾನಿಷ್ ರೈತ ಮಾರ್ಟಿನೆಜ್ ’ವಿಕೇಂದ್ರೀಕರಣವೇ ಸಬಲೀಕರಣ’ ಎಂಬ ದೊಡ್ಡ ಪಾಠವನ್ನು ನನಗೆ ಕಲಿಸಿದರು. ಅಸಮಾನತೆಯು ಕೇಂದ್ರೀಕರಣದ ದೊಡ್ಡ ಫಲಿತಾಂಶ ಎಂಬುದನ್ನು ನಮ್ಮ ಸುತ್ತಲೂ ನಾವು ನೋಡುತ್ತಿದ್ದೇವೆ. ಇಷ್ಟು ವರ್ಷಗಳಾದಮೇಲೂ ಈ ಮಾತು ನನ್ನ ಮನಸ್ಸಿನಲ್ಲಿ ಅಚ್ಚಾಗಿ ಉಳಿದುಹೋಗಿದೆ.

ಮೇಲ್ವರ್ಗದಿಂದ ಬಡವರ ಕೈಗೆ ಅಧಿಕಾರವನ್ನು ತಲುಪಿಸುವಲ್ಲಿ ವಿಕೇಂದ್ರೀಕೃತ ಸೇವೆಗಳು ಮಹತ್ತರ ಪಾತ್ರವನ್ನು ವಹಿಸುತ್ತವೆ. ಸೌರಶಕ್ತಿಯ ಮೂಲಕ ದೇಶದಲ್ಲಿನ ಪರಿಸ್ಥಿತಿಯನ್ನು ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಿ ತನ್ಮೂಲಕ ಭಾರತದ ಬಡವರು ಸಮಾಜ ಪರಿವರ್ತನೆಯ ಮಹತ್ಕಾರ್ಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಸಮಾನ ಪಾಲುದಾರರಾಗಿ ಭಾಗವಹಿಸಬೇಕು ಎಂಬ ಯೋಚನೆಯೇ ಸೆಲ್ಕೋದ ಸೃಷ್ಟಿಗೆ ಕಾರಣವಾಗಿದೆ.

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Sustainable Energy and Poverty Reduction: Chance for India to take leadership !

Many of us do not understand the connection between diffusion of renewable energy and poverty reduction. The common notion is that renewable energy is expensive and thus to provide the poor with immediate access to energy, nuclear and coal are the only options. This is an extremely naive thought process and they are financially and socially unsustainable.

The Copenhagen talks showed us how divided the world is and how the power structure has moved away from the Europeans and the Americans. India and China dominated the proceedings but with very few end results.

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Decentralisation means Empowerment

More than 2 decades ago in the villages of Dominican Republic, a 55 year old Spanish speaking farmer, Martinez, taught me the most important lesson in my life: ‘decentralisation means empowerment’. Inequality is the biggest outcome of centralization- and we can see it around us. And that is what has stayed with me for all these years.

Decentralised services lead to transfer of power from the top into the hands of the poor; this idea lead to the creation of SELCO – an organization which uses energy access as a means to transform the system, in which the poor of our country access and participate in the change around them as equal partners.

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Link Between Sustainable Energy & Development

Today the world has more than 730 million people living in extreme poverty and at-least 175 million of them live in India. We also have more than 200 million people in India, with no access and at least another 200 million with very poor access to reliable energy.

The poor and their needs differ according to their geographies, social and cultural contexts. In each of these topographies, the poor face challenges in the areas of livelihoods, health, education and well being. For e.g. a Manipuri weaver needs modernization of loom technology while a blacksmith in Karnataka needs a more efficient hammer with affordable finance.

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